MOB-ACCESS - Development of a platform to observe and analyse interactions between mobility and employment accessibility, and their implications for the territory of the Lyon metropolitan area (2014)
Scientific coordinator: Louafi Bouzouina (LET) – firstname.lastname@example.org
Disciplines: Information technology – Development – Economics
Laboratories: LET – LIRIS – GATE
Partners: Lyon urban region – Grand Lyon – CEREMA – INSEE Rhône-Alpes
Improving accessibility to transportation, particularly road transportation, has enabled households and businesses to form in spaces that are increasingly separate and distant from cities, taking advantage of a more affordable property market and a favourable environment in terms of agglomeration amenities or savings. This accessibility has contributed to longer mobility distances and to greater dependency on cars, which has led to an expanded reach of metropolises and to the interdependency of their territories. In an environment of strong financial and energy constraints, the interaction between mobility and accessibility is at the centre of territorial analysis, and challenges the various players with regard to the sustainability, in particular economic and social, of these metropolitan dynamics.
How do the various mobility flows and practices structure territory and everyday spaces today? Which populations and activity sectors are most vulnerable to the increasing cost of mobility? To what extent do spatial constraints and transport costs impact employment access and type of lower-income populations? What is the impact on access to the labour force, recruiting and retaining employees in the most sensitive economic sectors?
The goal of the MOB-ACCESS project is to create a protocol for articulating the various data sources of mobility flows and practices, and to enrich them with local employment/establishment and population data. Proposed in a context of openness to public and private data, this will form the foundation for an observatory of interactions between mobility and territory, and support accessibility analysis based on the concerns of households/populations as well as companies.